This article analyzes the ecological and biological processes underlying ecosystems, focusing on the interactions between humans, the environment, and their members, including animals, plants, and microbes.
Ecosystem is a key term that refers to the interactions among many biological and nonbiological systems, and describes an interconnected set of processes that interact to affect ecosystems.
Environmental change and biodiversity are key drivers of ecosystems and can have significant impacts on ecosystems.
The term “ecological systems” is also used to describe ecosystems that include human-caused processes such as pollution, over-exploitation, overgrazing, and deforestation.
Environmental impact assessment is the study of environmental change and its effects on ecosystems, and it is the most important aspect of ecologic research.
In this article, we review the ecological assessment of a particular species, including its interaction with humans and its response to environmental changes.
We also address the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystems and their interaction with human activities.
Finally, we discuss the relationship of human-induced ecological change to the potential of species to respond to environmental change.