The environmental community is celebrating the results of a new model developed by a Princeton University team that can explain how carbon emissions will impact the world’s carbon balance.
The study by a team led by John D. Williams, a professor of atmospheric sciences at Princeton, has been heralded as a major step toward understanding how carbon pollution affects the climate and climate change.
Williams and his team developed a new carbon model, called the Global Carbon Budget, which can predict how much carbon dioxide humans will emit over the next century.
This model provides a baseline for the climate system and can be used to forecast how much warming and how much cooling will occur over the course of the century.
Williams said the model is an essential tool for policymakers, and he said its potential to help inform policy debates on how to address global warming is a “blessing.”
Williams said climate models provide a more accurate picture of the planet than a single satellite model because they take into account the Earth’s climate system, which is not a perfect picture.
Williams noted that the carbon budget model does not take into consideration greenhouse gas emissions that have not yet been fully accounted for, including the potential effects of extreme events such as drought and wildfire.
This study also uses climate data and a more realistic version of the model, which the authors call “Abridged Climate Model,” to estimate the carbon emissions from human activity.
The model shows how emissions from deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels would be distributed across the globe.
“The climate is changing, but it’s changing slowly, and the climate model provides an indication of the pace of change,” Williams said.
“The model is able to predict the global distribution of carbon emissions as it changes from year to year.”
Williams and a team of researchers at the Princeton Center for Earth Systems Science and Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution are also developing a “climate change adaptation model” for the world.
They are looking at the impacts of climate change on the planet and how to prepare for the consequences.
The climate change adaptation models can help researchers better understand how to mitigate the effects of climate extremes.
“We’re hoping that by understanding the mechanisms that cause the climate to change, we can improve the adaptation models that are used to make predictions about the future,” Williams added.
Williams’ team is working with researchers at Oxford University, Carnegie Institution, the University of East Anglia, the National Center for Atmospheric Research and other institutions.
The research is supported by the National Science Foundation.